Chris Bowser Training How to Find Out What Your Products Sell For

Do you have a product that you want to sell, but aren’t sure what to sell it for? You may not have a website, so placing the product there is not an option. You want to sell your product or products (if you have more than one), but you want to be fair about pricing the product or products. How can you determine what is the best price to charge for your product?

Chris Bowser - Cover Logo

One good way to find out what the price of a product is or should be, would be to go where such products are sold. For instance, if you go to Price Grabber and look at their products, you may find a product that matches what you have. You can see what the price is. This can give you an idea what the product is worth. You can also go to They have a system where you can search a product and get a comparison of that product, including price. You can also use a service like What you do is type in the name of the product. They will provide a store where the product is located. You just need to click “Fetch!” and you will be taken to a page that list your product and any product that comes closest to or matches that product, along with the price. This is a good way for you to find the cost of you product.

If you wish, you can even go to other auction sites, besides the auction site you plan on using, to list your product for sale. At least you can get an idea of what the going price for the product is, and to see what the lowest bid is for that product. The only method of finding out what your product is going for online is to type in the name of your product in Google. For example, if you were looking for an iPad, you could use the keywords “price of iPad or iPad pricing.” Once you do this, you will get a ton of sites that will list the iPad and the going price for it.

If you really think about it, you can find the price for your product easily online. Just use the search engines and the right keywords.  It is all about the right keywords. As long as you use the right keywords, you’ll be able to find the price you need for your product. By knowing the going rate for your product, this will help in deciding what to start your bidding at when selling your product on an online auction site.  You can actually find out what others sell their products for when you go online. If your product is the same, you can compare your price with that of another user. This can help you decide what to price your product when you are selling it.

It always helps to know ahead of time what your product can sell for. By knowing this, you can get an idea of what pricing point to start at when you begin your auction. If you set your starting bid too high, no one will bid on it. If you go to low, you will get a lot of bids, but won’t make money. This is why you have to considering pricing ahead of time. Let’s say you are selling a motorbike. You know that motorbikes, or motorcycles as they are also called, sell for about $16,000. If you placed your motorcycle online for under $16,000, and that is what you paid, you will lose money if the winning bidder ends up under that price. It is for this reason, you must know the going price first so you can sell it above that.  By using this pricing strategy, it will better prepare you when you auction your product, for you will end up making money from the sale.

Chris Bowser

The Misguided Meal-in-a-Box Phenomenon

The Misguided Meal-in-a-Box Phenomenon


Andy Samberg and Colonel Sanders aren’t the only people to put memorable things in boxes. Corby Kummer wrote about his trials and issues with the booming meal kit delivery industry in The New Republic last October, weighing the benefits of convenience and culinary experimentation with the reality of waste:

I won’t be marketing my services as an investment adviser, at least not soon. Friends and relatives are ordering these boxes—functional adults who know how to cook and have at least a passing familiarity with grocery stores and farmers’ markets. More startlingly, one friend is putting money into “meal-kit” companies, as he informed me is the term of art. It seemed clear I couldn’t keep dismissing Blue Apron, with its three million meals a month and almost $200 million in venture capital raised so far. Or its rival Plated, co-founded by two fresh-out-of-Harvard-Business-School entrepreneurs, Nick Taranto and Josh Hix, whose office I recently visited. On one…

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The ‘Wellness Craze’: Six Stories About Fitness

The ‘Wellness Craze’: Six Stories About Fitness


I have this pair of running shoes that I bought three years ago, and the last time I wore them was in the shoe store. I had the best of intentions. My then-boyfriend encouraged me to buy them. I was always complaining about how out-of-shape I felt, which was code for how unsatisfied I was with my looks.

These days, I’m cooler with how I look, trying to navigate body-positive feminism and genuine self-care. One of my New Year’s resolutions is to put those running shoes on, even if it’s just for a walk around the park.

Maybe it’s because I’m so enamored with Netflix binges and junk food and sleeping in, but I’d rather read about exercising than exercise myself. Here are several of my favorite stories about fitness magazines, FitBit, yoga and athleisure.

1. “Why Can’t Fitness Magazines Cash in on the Wellness Craze?” (Erika Adams, Racked, January…

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Community Pool

Community Pool

The Daily Post

Have you just published a new post and are dying for some feedback? Did you recently start your blog and could use some layout or design advice from your more seasoned peers?

Did you just start blogging and you’re not sure how to get going? Has your blog been dormant for a while but you’d like to give it a jolt of life? Join our free Blogging 101 course (or any of our other offerings at Blogging U.).

Tap into the wisdom of The Daily Post blogging community and leave your question here in the comments. Others can then click through and offer input either on your site, or in the comments here (feel free to indicate which you’d prefer).

To help us make the Community Pool a productive space for discussion, here are some tips you might find useful:

TIP: To keep from losing your place in the comment thread while you…

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Pruning Your eCommerce Site: How & Why

Posted by Everett

If there has been one “SEO tactic” that we’ve seen work consistently throughout 2015, it’s the idea of pruning underperforming content out of Google’s index.

Sometimes it is a result of outdated SEO tactics like article spinning, or technical issues such as indexable internal search results or endlessly crawlable faceted navigation. Other times there are thousands of products with little or no content, or manufacturer-supplied product descriptions. This is why it’s important to make distinctions between pruning off the site (i.e. removing) and pruning from Google’s index (e.g. a “Robots Noindex” meta tag).

In order to find these opportunities, it helps to first perform a Content Audit. This is not a how-to guide for doing content audits. For step-by-step instructions, refer to this tutorial here on Moz.

But there are some differences between auditing eCommerce content compared to other types of content, like blogs or resource sections. For example, when we use the phrase “eCommerce Content Audit,” we’re limiting the analysis to “catalog” content (i.e. Home, Categories, Products, and a few others). More content auditing tips specific to eCommerce websites can be found in the resources section at the end, and in this blog post.

Again, this isn’t a guide for doing content audits. Think of it more as a guide to pruning eCommerce catalog pages, which we find is the most important outcome of many such projects.

Why you should consider pruning your eCommerce site

There are two specific case studies below, which do a pretty good job of answering this question. But, if you don’t mind, allow me to draw a few parallels first.

Image (without text) from under Creative Commons Zero license.

Pruning is something that occurs naturally in a variety of ways, from dead limbs and autumn leaves to the development of our adolescent brains. Without pruning, systems tend to get bloated and dysfunctional. That’s why if you don’t take the time to maintain your indexable content inventory by pruning it, Google will do it for you — sometimes at a great cost to overall traffic and revenue for the entire site.

Synaptic pruning = (Use it or lose it)

Even the human brain prunes itself. This plasticity is one of the reasons we dominate the planet. We’re adaptable. We grow new connections when we need to, and prune the rest as time goes on. This is probably the biological origin of the phrase “Use it or lose it.”

Bookmark product image from Black Heart Letterpress on Etsy. Amazing and unique bookmarks.

At different times in our lives (6 months to 2 years old) we need to soak up as much information as we can. But most of the time we need to focus on what’s important to each of us and let certain things, like riding a skateboard and 80% of what we learned in high school, go by the wayside. You can’t keep scaling up forever. At some point, there needs to be a scaling down.

When it comes to nerve cells making and losing connections based on how often they are accessed, “Use it or lose it” describes the situation perfectly.

In terms of eCommerce content, “use it” applies to your visitors. If users are not visiting, linking, sharing, or buying that product, you might consider losing it.

Tree pruning = (Remove it to improve others)

Not unlike removing deadweight content from your site, pruning trees involves the careful selection of limbs to remove for the purpose of improving air circulation (crawling) and consolidating light and nutrients (page-level metrics) into the most important branches (pages).

Image courteousy of, the tree-pruning experts.

For centuries, people have removed inward-facing, crossed, broken, sick, unwanted, etc. branches in order to improve the health of important trees — or at least limit their impact on tree health when harvesting firewood.

So, back to why we should prune our sites of unhealthy content…

Because our sites look like this:

Think of these broken and crossed limbs as the types of thin, duplicate, and low-quality content you’ll find on most enterprise eCommerce sites these days. Or any site, really.

Remember back when you could customize internal search result pages to make them look like landing pages (which you should do anyway) instead of boring search results? And then you could mine the internal search logs for keywords with more than one search to automatically “publish” them simply by giving Google a link (which you should definitely not do)? Or how about “article spinning,” remember that?

Then you probably remember this from around February 2011:

Even simple “white hat” tactics like writing halfway decent content for lots of keyword variations has started to become less effective, and potentially harmful. You don’t need separate pages on your site for “choosing a blue widget,” “how to choose a blue widget” and “choosing blue widgets,” and Google definitely doesn’t need them in their index.

URL pruning = (Improve it or remove it)

When it comes to low-quality content dragging down the rankings of your entire site, “Improve it or remove it” makes the most sense. Removing may involve deleting, redirecting, 404/410 codes, “Robots Noindex” meta tags and other options, depending on the situation. Some of this will be discussed later, but first…

The real reason you should prune your eCommerce site

Assuming you have A LOT more “catalog URLs” indexed than you have categories and SKUs (very common), pruning the site will most likely increase your revenue for a comparatively small investment.

What if I told you this might be the best SEO ROI most large sites could hope to get in 2016?

Case studies

The following two case studies involve real clients for whom Inflow has performed eCommerce Content Audits, including implementation support.

Auto Body Toolmart (Large-scale pruning with a hatchet)

The client, Auto Body Toolmart, had 17,057 pages indexed by Google, according to the Index Status report in Google Search Console. However, the Sitemaps report was showing that Google had only indexed 6,135 of the 25,000 URLs in the XML sitemap. What’s wrong with that picture?

Fewer than a quarter of the pages they wanted Google to know about were indexed. Most of the time this is an architecture issue, like using Javascript frameworks (e.g. angular.js, react.js) without providing a crawl-path to paginated pages. Or like inadvertently blocking directories in the robots.txt file that are important crawl paths, instead of with a <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tag.

And yet, nearly 11,000 URLs were indexed that probably shouldn’t have been.

Most of the time something like this comes down to a technical issue, like non-canonicalized sorting and filtering page URLs being indexed. Upon further inspection, we also correlated major traffic drops with early iterations of Google’s Panda and Penguin updates.

According to our Content Audit Strategies Tool, Auto Body Toolmart falls squarely into the bottom-right corner (extra large site with an existing content penalty).


Clicking on “Focus: Content Audit with an eye to Prune” reveals a more detailed prescription:

“Often, we are unable to bring content quality up to par at this scale. Figuring out what can be improved and removing the rest is key. Get the amount of pages indexed down drastically to improve the ratio of good content pages to poor content pages without having to write thousands of pages of copy. Consider removing or noindexing entire sections of the site, or certain page-types, if they would be considered low-quality, thin, duplicate, overlapping, irrelevant…”

From this starting point, Dan Kern and Tim Hampton (Inflow strategists) were able to move forward in the right direction with what limited information they had, while collecting more information to customize the strategy for this particular client.

The gist of their strategy was this: Prune it down heavily, and build it back up as pages are improved (starting with a prioritized group of 1,300 products).

The store had about 20,000 SKUs. Most of them weren’t getting any traffic because they had thin (one or two short bullet points) or duplicate (manufacturer supplied) product copy.

Dan recommended a lot of <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tags on product pages — 11,000 of them, in fact.

Imagine being this client and taking our word that removing more than half of the site from search engine indexes is going to somehow increase revenue.

As you’ll see, they made the right decision.

A major copywriting project is underway in which we are working with the client to get the top 1,300 of those product pages rewritten — all prioritized and managed via their eCommerce content audit dashboard. This will fix duplicate, thin, and other low-quality content at the rate of about 100 product and/or category pages per month.

Post-pruning results

There was a 31% increase in organic traffic with a 28% increase in revenue (despite 11,000 fewer pages indexed) before one word of copy was improved. The only thing that had been implemented was pruning via <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> and a small disavow file (annotated below).

Organic search before & after

About 11,000 total URLs were removed from the index, yet overall traffic began to increase.
Seasonality would not account for this lift, and YOY traffic was up almost 38%.

Revenue went up over 28% within the weeks following the massive pruning of underperforming product pages.

Sessions increased by about 31% during the same time period.

We kept all of these products in the catalog so as not to lose any selection from a user-experience perspective. Just because a product page doesn’t rank well, doesn’t have any referral or search traffic, and doesn’t have any links does not mean it won’t sell.

Our end goal is to improve the page and remove the “Robots Noindex” tag so it can eventually be found through organic search once it provides a better user experience.

Moving forward

We’re in the midst of the copywriting project at the moment, and expect fantastic results by rewriting about 100 pages per month (as per client’s budget). We’ll let you know what happens. The long term revenue increase from an efficient and affordable pruning of 11,000 products from search engine indexes will more than pay for the copywriting of the 1,300 products Dan marked as “Improve” in the content audit.

There are also nearly 700 category pages that have been marked as “Improve” because they were identified as needing better titles, descriptions, and on-page content. These pages have NOT been removed from the index, and we are working on them in weekly batches. One of the biggest things we will do for categories is to add unique content and optimize those that don’t have intro descriptions.

TL;DR – Auto Body Toolmart

By noindexing pages with practically zero organic search traffic to begin with, we effectively and efficiently (read: hatchet, not scalpel) pruned Google’s indexation of the site.

However, by keeping the pages on the website and findable via internal search and navigation, we preserved the user experience and direct/referral revenue. Allowing search engines to discover and “follow” the URL is also hugely important for crawlability of the entire site, and will ensure faster indexation/ranking of the page once the content has been improved and the page is released back into search engine indexes.

America’s Best House Plans (Content audit combined with link cleanup)

This eCommerce site sells ready-designed house plans direct to consumers. They came aboard after a sharp decline in revenue that was suspected to be linked to the Google Panda and Penguin Algorithm updates.

Tim Hampton started by performing a complete audit to uncover the roots of the problem, and found issues with detrimental backlinks and a high percentage of non-performing catalog pages.

Next, a content audit was performed, which resulted in pruning close to 80% of their catalog pages from search engine indexes.

Post-pruning results

After what seemed like a long wait for Google to release updates and reindex the site, a large upswing in traffic and revenue took place.

This resulted in a 434% increase in revenue from organic traffic YOY. Organic traffic improved 78.48% YOY as well.



The downtick at the end has to do with the selected dates. As you can see, both year-lines dip.

Organic search revenue

After a major jump in May and June, YOY organic search revenue settles back into the forecasted goal range for the month of July.


Notation icon indicates the pruning date.

TL;DR – America’s Best House Plans

By temporarily pruning out 80% of the catalog from search engine indexes and cleaning up their link profile, we saw an impressive multi-month lift in traffic and revenue from search followed by a course on-par with last year — despite having fewer indexed pages.

Moving forward

We will be improving product pages as quickly as possible and re-introducing them into the index in batches. We expect steady improvement over the coming months.

Scalpel work

The examples above deal mostly with large-scale content audits in which our “weapon of choice” is a hatchet. This tends to give the most noticeable results worthy of using in case studies.

Most of you probably already have scalpel examples of your own.

You have probably taken a small group of average and/or low-quality pages and consolidated them into one awesome page. Did you lose traffic because you had fewer pages indexed, or did traffic to the much better page outpace that total within the first couple of months? Please share your results in the comments below.

Now that we’ve made the case for pruning, let’s have a look at the different types of pruning options available to us.

Pruning options

Pruning isn’t necessarily synonymous with deleting. There are several different ways to prune an eCommerce website, depending on the specific situation.

Temporarily pruning from the index while leaving in the catalog

You can “temporarily” prune pages out of the index, while leaving them on the site, using the <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tag. This is a good solution for very large sites with a product page copywriting project that is going to take several months to complete.

Example: A product page with manufacturer-supplied content that needs to be rewritten.

Temporarily pruning from the index as well as the catalog

This would be the same implementation as above, while also removing the product from the site’s navigation and internal search results. This way, direct links will continue to lead to the page and Google will continue to crawl the URL (probably less frequently the longer it stays non-indexable), but user experience and SEO best practices are both maintained.

Example: A long-term out-of-stock product page that will return next season, or as soon as you replace that unreliable, expensive vendor who always screws up the drop-shipping.

Permanently pruning from the index while leaving in the catalog

This one could be implemented in different ways, depending on the situation. You don’t want these URLs indexed by Google, but you may or may not want them to get crawled and “followed.” These pages typically serve a purpose, and so user experience (i.e. conversion rate) would suffer if they were to be removed from the site completely.

Example 1: Deep-faceted navigation URLs with multiple parameters.

At a certain point, even “crawling” needs to be cut off (thus, rel=canonical doesn’t do the trick) or spiders could continue creating new URL strings for who knows how long. Apply a “Robots, Noindex” meta tag and wait for them to be recrawled. Once they’re no longer indexed, add a “Disallow:” statement to the Robots.txt file.

Example 2: See Example 1 under “Consolidating two or more pages” below.

Sometimes you need a Blue Widget product page and a Green Widget product page because that provides the highest conversion rate from category pages in which the visitor can see all color options at once. You can either rewrite the product copy to make each of them completely unique, or you can “Rel = Canonical” to one of the color options from all of the others. After a certain scale, the latter becomes the most likely option.

Permanently pruning from the index as well as the catalog

One solution if you don’t want URLs indexed or accessed by search engines or shoppers would be to simply delete them. We do a lot more of that with blog content than we do with catalog content, such as product and category pages.

Simply delete the page and allow it to 404 or 410 if you want the URL out of the index quickly and it doesn’t have any traffic, links, sales, or purpose.

Example 1: A discontinued product page URL with no external links.

Example 2: Deep category pages showing zero products (stub pages).

Another solution is to put them behind a password-protected wall. And a far less drastic, often more useful solution is to consolidate the pages.

Consolidating two or more pages

It could be as easy as deleting the file and redirecting it to another, which would permanently remove it from both the catalog and Google’s index while consolidating traffic and page authority into the other page.

Example 1: Any time you redirect one URL to another, you are consolidating pages.

Acme Widget 1.0 is a discontinued product. Its product page URL has several high-quality external links because it was the first of its kind. This URL gets redirected to the next generation of that product line, Acme Widget 2.0, with big “New and Improved” red lettering on the page.

Example 2: Any time you use a “rel=canonical” tag with a URL other than the one in the address bar when you visit the page, you are consolidating.

Using a “rel=canonical” tag to indicate that /Mens/Accessories/Ties/ and /Accessories/Mens/Ties/ are essentially the same page (in this case, leaving both in the catalog, though there are certainly other options).

Example 3: Product variants may or may not need their own landing page. It all depends on the situation.

Combining Big Shiny Blue Widget 2.0 and Big Shiny Red Widget 2.0 via product variant dropdowns in cases where “colors” are not commonly used in searches for that product. This may or may not include any redirects.

Example 4: Often it is best to combine the content in a useful, seamless way so several average pages become one strong page.

That SEO company you hired back in 2011 put up category-style landing pages (Curated collections? Buying guides?) for every conceivable long-tail variation of product-related keyword searches. They’re indexed and in the sitemap, but your visitors don’t have any real way of getting to them via the navigation (and that’s a good thing). Some of the content is worth saving, but you don’t need ten “category” pages about exhaust manifolds. A good solution would be to take stock of the different topics and group the pages that way. Then, choose the best-performing page from each topic set, and redirect all of the others to that one after scavenging any great content they might have had for the best-performing page.

What to prune in an eCommerce content audit

Once you have made a complete inventory of all indexable catalog URLs and have settled on a general strategy of pruning out a good chunk of the site from the search indexes (at least temporarily until pages can be improved), it’s time to make some important decisions. But first, here are some things to look out for:

Thin content

Thin content comes in many forms. Most of the time the page serves a purpose on the site, which means we can’t just delete it. However, most of the time it also doesn’t have any business in the search results until the page is improved.

Example 1: Product page on which “Made in the USA” is the only description

Prune via: <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tag until useful content has been added.

Some pages do serve a purpose in the search results, even if they have “thin” content.

Example 2: Top-level category page with no static content

Do NOT prune. Just improve as soon as possible with helpful content.

Duplicate content

This can exist on the same domain, or on other websites. It is a very common problem at very large scales with enterprise eCommerce websites. And if you’re dealing with big drop-shipping plays (auto parts, SWAG…) #fuggedaboutit.

Example 1: Product page with manufacturer copy duplicated on other websites
Prune via <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tag until useful, unique content has been rewritten.

Example 2: Product variant pages (black, yellow, green, 6-pack, 12-pack…)

  • Write unique content for each SKU on its own URL, or…
  • Consolidate product variants onto one page with a drop-down selector, and then…
  • Redirect or “rel=canonical” the rest to the new page

Example 3: Indexable category pagination URLs showing the same static content

  • Only show the static content on the first page, and…
  • Prune via <META NAME=”ROBOTS” CONTENT=”NOINDEX, FOLLOW”> meta tag to paginated URLs

Underperforming content

This could include a variety of situations. Generally speaking, we look at the following areas when making judgements about whether to improve and/or remove a page:

  1. No links

  2. No shares

  3. No traffic

  4. No sales

Discontinued and long-term out-of-stock products

If it has been discontinued, or is out of stock for months at a time, consider removing these pages from the index. While it is tempting to want to hold on to traffic going into discontinued products, a better user experience would be to redirect that URL to the next generation product (or the closest category page) so a better page will start to rank for better keywords instead of landing unsatisfied searchers on an out-of-stock product page. If the out-of-stock product page also lacks any links, direct or referral traffic, it may be more efficient to remove it completely and show a 404 or 410 status code.

Building image from

Indexable search results

I recommend removing these from the index, and then blocking them in the robots.txt file, as recommended by Google here and here. However, we did have one client that was getting so much traffic to these results, it was difficult to make the case for pruning them on the spot. This is just another case of Google making liars of us.

Obviously, every situation is different and one-size-fits-all advice usually turns out to be too general for some. The above recommendations are provided as general examples only.

Packaged resources

We’ve put together a few resources that will help you break this project down into bite-sized chunks. They’re packaged into a single folder called the eCommerce Content Audit Toolkit. Here’s what it comes with:

Content audit template with automated strategies by URL
This Google Spreadsheet can be thought of as a content audit template with training wheels. Unlike the template I shared in the Content Audit Tutorial, which has 8 tabs and no strategy automation, the template above only has two tabs, one of which isn’t even actively used.

The idea is that you simply import the site crawl and URL metrics, and nearly everything else is done for you.

Experienced content auditing pros will probably want to use the original file, but feedback from other marketers indicated a need for a stripped-down version with strategy automation features. Hat tip to Alex Juel for doing a lot of the leg-work on this thing.

Content audit strategies for common scenarios
Like the automated strategy formulas for each URL in the spreadsheet above, this tool is meant to help those new to content audits when choosing an overall strategy for the project as a whole. Access it online any time at the link above. The “toolkit” includes a printable PDF version.

Example stakeholder reports
Audits mean nothing if they don’t result in actionable insights and, ultimately, implementation of your recommendations. One way to make your insights more actionable is to break them up by stakeholder. As an eCommerce SEO, you can provide added value to the rest of the company by producing reports for eCommerce directors, marketing executives, merchandisers, copywriters, developers, and more.

eCommerce content audit white paper
This is an overview of the concept with several more case studies. It would make a great introduction for marketing executives and others without a lot of technical SEO experience.

Instructions for making the most out of the toolkit
It’s no good to get a bunch of files if you don’t know what to do with them.

Other useful resources

This post was too long; I didn’t read it (TL;DR)

The two most important takeaways are:

1. Don’t be afraid to make pruning choices when the metrics back up your strategy.

When you perform a content audit, it allows you to make recommendations based on real data that can easily be shared with decision makers. You can also use case studies and small-scale tests to bolster your case.

Image used with permission from Joshua TreescapingDon’t be afraid to take out a good portion of the site if the metrics tell the story of useless URL-bloat.

2. Pruning isn’t synonymous with deleting.

You can (temporarily) remove URLs from the index while managing the copywriting process, returning them to the index as they are brought up to standards.

That’s about all I have to say about pruning eCommerce sites at the moment. Have you done a content audit yet? How did it go? What were your sticking points? Any major successes or failures?

Sign up for The Moz Top 10, a semimonthly mailer updating you on the top ten hottest pieces of SEO news, tips, and rad links uncovered by the Moz team. Think of it as your exclusive digest of stuff you don’t have time to hunt down but want to read!

from Moz Blog
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YouTube creators interview President Obama following his final State of the Union

“We’re going to have 21st century fireside chats where I’ll speak directly to the American people in a way that I think will enhance democracy and strengthen our government.” – Senator Barack Obama, November 15, 2007

Tomorrow evening, President Obama will deliver his final State of the Union address to Congress, which will broadcast live on YouTube. Then, as he has every year after the speech, he’ll turn to YouTube and Google to take questions from Americans about the issues that matter to them.

This Friday, January 15, Destin Sandlin, Ingrid Nilsen, and Adande Thorne—three popular YouTube creators—will travel to Washington, D.C. to host a live YouTube Interview with President Obama. They’ll join the President in the East Room of the White House, asking a selection of questions that are top of mind for them and their fans. You can watch the whole thing on the White House YouTube channel—and if you have a question for the President, suggest it by using the hashtag #YouTubeAsksObama on social media.

The interview will stream live on the White House YouTube channel on Friday, January 15 at 2:15 p.m. EST. And don’t forget to tune in on January 12 at 9 p.m. EST to watch the State of the Union address live, as well as the Republican response, live on YouTube.

Throughout his time in office, President Obama has used technology to open up the doors (all 412 of them) to the White House—from posting behind-the-scenes photos of life in the West Wing to uploading a weekly address on the most pressing topics facing the nation. We’re excited to have played a role in this process with our seven YouTube Interviews, tackling issues big and small, poignant and personal. We look forward to helping future presidents connect with Americans in compelling ways.


from Official Google Blog

How to Create Audience Personas on a Budget Using Facebook Insights

Posted by tallen1985

We know Facebook has a huge amount of data on people. For the last 18 months, they’ve been sharing more of this information than ever before through their platform, Audience Insights. As a result, we can begin to pull together audience personas for very little cost other than time, effort, and a Facebook account.

This post is going give a whirlwind tour of how we can begin to use Audience Insights to build personas for our business that will allow us to target content better and keep people in mind rather users & sessions.

What is a persona and why should we build them?

A persona is the summary of research or observations based on a key group of users who show similar behaviours and lifestyle choices.It allows us to collectively group users into buckets, rather than having to focus on thousands of individual needs and wants.

This is then distilled into a fictitious person that can be referenced to guide business decisions, whether they be the type of design we use, the content of our email marketing, the tone of voice we use for our brand, or even the types of products we may look to be selling.

We may end up generating multiple personas to connect to various users we are looking to share our brand with. This will help guide business decisions, rather than taking a one-size-fits-everyone approach.

Three things to be aware of

  1. Facebook offers two audience options — “All of Facebook” or “People connected to your Page.” In the past, if we have paid for Facebook followers or used extremely broad advertising options, the “People connected to your Page” data could potentially be an inaccurate representation of our target audience.
  2. If our audience segment is less than 1,000 people, Audience Insights won’t display any information.
  3. If you select more than one option in the faceted navigation, this uses an “or” functionality. This can make data hard to dissect, particularly if you input multiple interests.

How to build a persona using Facebook Audience Insights

Let’s assume here that we are building a persona using all of Facebook’s data, either because we are a new brand, doing some client research and we don’t have access to their Facebook account, or as mentioned earlier, our existing Facebook followers have been dirtied by either buying followers or previous advertising campaigns being too broad.

*If we decide to build personas based on existing Facebook followers, the process is extremely similar; however, if the number of followers is low, we may not be able to segment our audience interests as much as in the steps that follow.

1. First thing, head over to Facebook Audience Insights. You don’t need an advertising account — all you need is a Facebook profile.

2. Let’s assume we have a fictitious sports clothing brand who are trying to appeal more to runners. Enter an interest closely aligned to your brand or products; in this instance, it’s “running.”

3. The initial search gives us some pretty broad options that probably aren’t that useful. However, they do indicate that of those interested in running, 60% of them are women, so let’s narrow by gender for our first audience persona. Remember, we will end up creating multiple personas for our brand — this is just one demographic we are targeting.

4. The results show that a large portion of our audience sits between the ages of 18 and 44 — however, that is once again a quite broad segment of our audience. Let’s focus on where the bulk of the market appears to be by also filtering by age, 25–34.

5. From the Demographics screen we can start to dig into the type of people who might be interested in our product and start building their persona.

Audience Insights categorizes our audience into Lifestyle demographics and provides us with a brief description about the type of lifestyle they may lead from which we can extract relevant information to filter our audience further. The table below indicates those lifestyles that fit best with our running brand for the demographics defined so far.



Tots and Toys

Affluent, well-educated working couples, with preschool-aged children. They are homeowners, mainly in single-family houses.

Truckin’ and Stylin’

Mid-to-late 30s and live in rural towns. On average, they earn middle incomes; they rank below average for income when compared to the nation.

Shooting Stars

Childless couples in their 30s and early 40s. Home-owning households often include professionals with postgraduate degrees.

Career Building

Young, childless singles. Mixture of mobile renters and first-time homeowners, living in condos and single-family houses.

6. From here we can build a better picture of the type of person that may be interested in our products. Using the above information, we now know the following information about one group of potential customers.

They are:

  • Females aged between 25-34
  • Mainly homeowners
  • Both singles and couples
  • Working
  • Mixture of childless or young children families.

Adding all of this information as facets and we have cut our audience down to between 300k and 350k monthly active people.

7. From here, we can drill into each of the individual tabs to extract relevant information about our target persona, such as:

  • Demographics: Age, gender, job title, relationship status, education level
  • Interests: Categories and page likes
  • Location: Where they live
  • Activity: Frequency of online activity and device usage
  • Household: Income, home ownership, home market value, spending methods
  • Purchase Behavior: Likelihood of online purchases, purchase behavior

Example of a persona that can be built using Audience Insights

We now have a decent amount of information that we can pull together to start to build the profile of the type of person we want sell our products to. We can keep this person in mind when pulling together any content or carrying out any type of marketing activities.

Below is just one audience persona that we might look to target for our fictitious running brand.

Name: Mummy Michelle

Age: 25–34

Relationship Status: In a relationship

Education Level: University

Household: Homeowner

Estimate Household Income: $125,000


  • Running events
  • Jewelry (brands such as Tiffany & Co. and Verragio Engagement Rings)
  • Clothing Boutiques
  • Romance Novels/Movies (The Notebook)
  • Reality TV (The Hills and Keeping Up with the Kardashians)

Device Usage: Her primary device is the mobile phone and she is more likely to be using an iPhone

Spending Habits: Michelle primarily spends using a credit card rather than cash. She is also highly likely to complete an online purchase, particularly on clothing.

So, that’s all we have to do?

We would need to rinse and repeat this process for different demographics that we believe may be interested in our brand. But yes, these are some initial steps we can take to building audience personas that we can target our products and brand towards.

However, I’m not saying that this is the only task we have to complete to build audience personas.

Yes, Facebook has a lot of data, but they’re still piecing together all the parts. In the same way we know we shouldn’t completely trust the numbers that Google Keyword Planner gives us, they just give us a ballpark to play in. As such, the data we are given by Audience Insights should be just one of multiple research methods we should be looking to use to build audience personas.

Big brands spend huge volumes of their budget trying to understand their customers. Many of us can’t compete on that level. We need to look to the tools and data we have available to us, and build the best personas we can for our budget.

Here are a handful of resources that can be used to help develop personas that won’t cost a lot, other than perhaps in time:

What other processes do you use to help build audience personas? Have you used Audience Insights to build personas, and if so, do you have any further tips? Please share in the comments below or reach out to me on Twitter @the_timallen.

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